On the generic part of the cohomology of non-compact unitary Shimura varieties


We prove that the generic part of the $\mathrm{mod}\, \ell$ cohomology of Shimura varieties associated to quasi-split unitary groups of even dimension is concentrated above the middle degree, extending our previous work to a non-compact case. The result applies even to Eisenstein cohomology classes coming from the locally symmetric space of the general linear group, and has been used in joint work with Allen, Calegari, Gee, Helm, Le Hung, Newton, Taylor and Thorne to get good control on these classes and deduce potential automorphy theorems without any self-duality hypothesis. Our main geometric result is a computation of the fibers of the Hodge–Tate period map on compactified Shimura varieties, in terms of similarly compactified Igusa varieties.


Ana Caraiani

Department of Mathematics, Imperial College London, London, UK

Peter Scholze

Max-Planck Institut für Mathematik, Bonn, Germany