On Furstenberg’s intersection conjecture, self-similar measures, and the $L^q$ norms of convolutions


We study a class of measures on the real line with a kind of self-similar structure, which we call dynamically driven self-similar measures, and contain proper self-similar measures such as Bernoulli convolutions as special cases. Our main result gives an expression for the $L^q$ dimensions of such dynamically driven self-similar measures, under certain conditions. As an application, we settle Furstenberg’s long-standing conjecture on the dimension of the intersections of $\times p$- and $\times q$-invariant sets. Among several other applications, we also show that Bernoulli convolutions have an $L^q$ density for all finite $q$, outside of a zero-dimensional set of exceptions.

The proof of the main result is inspired by M. Hochman’s approach to the dimensions of self-similar measures and his inverse theorem for entropy. Our method can be seen as an extension of Hochman’s theory from entropy to $L^q$ norms, and likewise relies on an inverse theorem for the decay of $L^q$ norms of discrete measures under convolution. This central piece of our approach may be of independent interest, and it is an application of well-known methods and results in additive combinatorics: the asymmetric version of the Balog-Szemerédi-Gowers Theorem due to Tao-Vu, and some constructions of Bourgain.


Pablo Shmerkin

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Torcuato Di Tella University, and CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina