Decay for solutions of the wave equation on Kerr exterior spacetimes III: The full subextremalcase $|a| < M$


This paper concludes the series begun in [M. Dafermos and I. Rodnianski, Decay for solutions of the wave equation on Kerr exterior spacetimes I–II: the cases $|a| \ll M$ or axisymmetry, arXiv:1010.5132], providing the complete proof of definitive boundedness and decay results for the scalar wave equation on Kerr backgrounds in the general subextremal $|a|< M$ case without symmetry assumptions. The essential ideas of the proof (together with explicit constructions of the most difficult multiplier currents) have been announced in our survey [M. Dafermos and I. Rodnianski, The black hole stability problem for linear scalar perturbations, in Proceedings of the 12th Marcel Grossmann Meeting on General Relativity, T. Damour et al. (ed.), World Scientific, Singapore, 2011, pp. 132189, arXiv:1010.5137]. Our proof appeals also to the quantitative mode-stability proven in [Y. Shlapentokh-Rothman, Quantitative Mode Stability for the Wave Equation on the Kerr Spacetime, arXiv:1302.6902, to appear, Ann. Henri Poincaré], together with a streamlined continuity argument in the parameter $a$, appearing here for the first time. While serving as Part III of a series, this paper repeats all necessary notation so that it can be read independently of previous work.


Mihalis Dafermos

University of Cambridge, Department of Pure Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics, Cambridge, United Kingdom and Princeton University, Princeton, NJ

Igor Rodnianski

Princeton University, Princeton, NJ

Yakov Shlapentokh-Rothman

Princeton University, Princeton, NJ