The classification of punctured-torus groups


Thurston’s ending lamination conjecture proposes that a finitely generated Kleinian group is uniquely determined (up to isometry) by the topology of its quotient and a list of invariants that describe the asymptotic geometry of its ends. We present a proof of this conjecture for punctured-torus groups. These are free two-generator Kleinian groups with parabolic commutator, which should be thought of as representations of the fundamental group of a punctured torus.

As a consequence we verify the conjectural topological description of the deformation space of punctured-torus groups (including Bers’ conjecture that the quasi-Fuchsian groups are dense in this space) and prove a rigidity theorem: two punctured-torus groups are quasi-conformally conjugate if and only if they are topologically conjugate.


Yair N. Minsky