On the Multiplicity One Conjecture in min-max theory


We prove that in a closed manifold of dimension between 3 and 7 with a bumpy metric, the min-max minimal hypersurfaces associated with the volume spectrum introduced by Gromov, Guth, Marques-Neves, are two-sided and have multiplicity one. This confirms a conjecture by Marques-Neves.

We prove that in a bumpy metric each volume spectrum is realized by the min-max value of certain relative homotopy class of sweepouts of boundaries of Caccioppoli sets. The main result follows by approximating such min-max value using the min-max theory for hypersurfaces with prescribed mean curvature established by the author with Zhu.


Xin Zhou

University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA and and Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ

Current address:

Cornell University, Ithaca, NY