On the structure of ${\mathscr A}$-free measures and applications


We establish a general structure theorem for the singular part of ${\mathscr A}$-free Radon measures, where ${\mathscr A}$ is a linear PDE operator. By applying the theorem to suitably chosen differential operators ${\mathscr A}$, we obtain a simple proof of Alberti’s rank-one theorem and, for the first time, its extensions to functions of bounded deformation (BD). We also prove a structure theorem for the singular part of a finite family of normal currents. The latter result implies that the Rademacher theorem on the differentiability of Lipschitz functions can hold only for absolutely continuous measures and that every top-dimensional Ambrosio–Kirchheim metric current in $\mathbb R^d$ is a Federer–Fleming flat chain.


Guido De Philippis

Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati, Trieste, Italy

Filip Rindler

Mathematics Institute, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom