Regularity of Einstein manifolds and the codimension $4$ conjecture


In this paper, we are concerned with the regularity of noncollapsed Riemannian manifolds $(M^n,g)$ with bounded Ricci curvature, as well as their Gromov-Hausdorff limit spaces $(M^n_j,d_j)\stackrel{d_{\rm GH}}{\longrightarrow} (X,d)$, where $d_j$ denotes the Riemannian distance. Our main result is a solution to the codimension $4$ conjecture, namely that $X$ is smooth away from a closed subset of codimension $4$. We combine this result with the ideas of quantitative stratification to prove a priori $L^q$ estimates on the full curvature $|\mathrm{Rm}|$ for all $q<2$. In the case of Einstein manifolds, we improve this to estimates on the regularity scale. We apply this to prove a conjecture of Anderson that the collection of $4$-manifolds $(M^4,g)$ with $|\mathrm{Ric}_{M^4}|\leq 3$, $\mathrm{Vol}(M)>\mathrm{v}>0$, and $\mathrm{diam}(M)\leq D$ contains at most a finite number of diffeomorphism classes. A local version is used to show that noncollapsed $4$-manifolds with bounded Ricci curvature have a priori $L^2$ Riemannian curvature estimates.


Jeff Cheeger

Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York, NY

Aaron Naber

Northwestern University, Evanston, IL