Numerical characterization of the Kähler cone of a compact Kähler manifold


The goal of this work is to give a precise numerical description of the Kähler cone of a compact Kähler manifold. Our main result states that the Kähler cone depends only on the intersection form of the cohomology ring, the Hodge structure and the homology classes of analytic cycles: if $X$ is a compact Kähler manifold, the Kähler cone $\mathcal{K}$ of $X$ is one of the connected components of the set $\mathcal{P}$ of real $(1,1)$-cohomology classes $\{\alpha\}$ which are numerically positive on analytic cycles, i.e. $\int_Y\alpha^p>0$ for every irreducible analytic set $Y$ in $X$, $p=\dim Y$. This result is new even in the case of projective manifolds, where it can be seen as a generalization of the well-known Nakai-Moishezon criterion, and it also extends previous results by Campana-Peternell and Eyssidieux. The principal technical step is to show that every nef class $\{\alpha\}$ which has positive highest self-intersection number $\int_X\alpha^n>0$ contains a Kähler current; this is done by using the Calabi-Yau theorem and a mass concentration technique for Monge-Ampère equations. The main result admits a number of variants and corollaries, including a description of the cone of numerically effective $(1,1)$-classes and their dual cone. Another important consequence is the fact that for an arbitrary deformation $\mathcal{X}\to S$ of compact Kähler manifolds, the Kähler cone of a very general fibre $X_t$ is “independent” of $t$, i.e. invariant by parallel transport under the $(1,1)$-component of the Gauss-Manin connection.


Jean-Pierre Demailly

UFR de Mathématiques, Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France

Mihai Paun

Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France