Log minimal model program for the moduli space of stable curves: the first flip

Abstract

We give a geometric invariant theory (GIT) construction of the log canonical model $\bar M_g(\alpha)$ of the pairs $(\bar M_g, \alpha \delta)$ for $\alpha \in (7/10 – \epsilon, 7/10]$ for small $\epsilon \in \mathbb Q_+$. We show that $\bar M_g(7/10)$ is isomorphic to the GIT quotient of the Chow variety of bicanonical curves; $\bar M_g(7/10-\epsilon)$ is isomorphic to the GIT quotient of the asymptotically-linearized Hilbert scheme of bicanonical curves. In each case, we completely classify the (semi)stable curves and their orbit closures. Chow semistable curves have ordinary cusps and tacnodes as singularities but do not admit elliptic tails. Hilbert semistable curves satisfy further conditions; e.g., they do not contain elliptic chains. We show that there is a small contraction $\Psi: \bar M_g(7/10+\epsilon) \to \bar M_g(7/10)$ that contracts the locus of elliptic bridges. Moreover, by using the GIT interpretation of the log canonical models, we construct a small contraction $\Psi^+ : \bar M_g(7/10-\epsilon) \to \bar M_g(7/10)$ that is the Mori flip of $\Psi$.

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Authors

Brendan Hassett

Department of Matheamtics-MS136
Rice University
6100 S. Main St.
Houston, TX 77251-1892

Donghoon Hyeon

Department of Mathematics
POSTECH San 31
Hyojadong, Namgu
Pohang
Gyungbu 790-784
Republic of Korea