Nodal sets of Laplace eigenfunctions: proof of Nadirashvili’s conjecture and of the lower bound in Yau’s conjecture

Abstract

Let $u$ be a harmonic function in the unit ball $B(0,1) \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, $n \geq 3$, such that $u(0)=0$.

Nadirashvili conjectured that there exists a positive constant $c$, depending on the dimension $n$ only, such that $H^{n-1}(\{u=0 \}\cap B) \geq c$. We prove Nadirashvili’s conjecture as well as its counterpart on $C^\infty$-smooth Riemannian manifolds. The latter yields the lower bound in Yau’s conjecture. Namely, we show that for any compact $C^\infty$-smooth Riemannian manifold $M$ (without boundary) of dimension $n$ there exists $c>0$ such that for any Laplace eigenfunction $\varphi_\lambda$ on $M$, which corresponds to the eigenvalue $\lambda$, the following inequality holds: $c \sqrt \lambda \leq H^{n-1}(\{\varphi_\lambda =0\})$.

Authors

Alexander Logunov

School of Mathematical Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
and
Chebyshev Laboratory, St. Petersburg State Unviersity, 14th Line V.O., 29B, Saint Petersburg 199178, Russia